Thursday, April 11, 2024     Bojan Arsenovic     Web Dev Technologies

Featured Photo

The hybrid app development landscape is rapidly evolving, blending the distinct worlds of native performance and web technology accessibility. Capacitor JS emerges as a powerful tool in this space, enabling web developers to extend their Vue.js applications into fully-fledged native mobile experiences. This article explores how you can leverage Vue.js alongside Capacitor JS to create applications that are not only powerful but also maintain a consistent UX across platforms without sacrificing the native advantages of mobile environments.

Vue.js, known for its progressive framework capabilities, offers developers the tools to build dynamic and reactive web interfaces. When combined with Capacitor JS, these web applications transcend their browser limitations, accessing a broader range of native functionalities on Android and iOS devices. Let's delve into the mechanics of this transformation and discover how your web applications can benefit from native integrations.

What is Capacitor JS?

Capacitor JS is an open-source framework designed to bridge the gap between modern web applications and native mobile functionalities. Created by the team behind Ionic, it allows web developers to write a single codebase and run it both on the web and as a native app on iOS and Android platforms. Capacitor provides a consistent API that interacts with native SDKs using simple JavaScript, enabling access to a wide range of device capabilities typically reserved for native applications.

Key Features and Advantages:
  • Native Plugin System: Capacitor includes core native plugins such as Camera, Geolocation, Notifications, and more, allowing direct interaction with native device features.
  • Community Plugins: Beyond the core, Capacitor supports a vibrant community of plugins that address additional native functionalities, continually expanding its ecosystem.
  • Ease of Integration: Capacitor can be integrated into any modern web project, including Vue.js, React, Angular, or even plain JavaScript, making it an incredibly versatile choice for developers.
  • Web-first Approach: Unlike traditional hybrid frameworks that prioritize the native layer, Capacitor encourages a web-centric approach, ensuring that web features and optimizations are not an afterthought.

By combining the reactive capabilities of Vue.js with the extensive native APIs provided by Capacitor, developers can craft applications that offer both the fluidity of web apps and the robustness of native applications. This synergy not only enhances the user experience but also streamlines the development process, enabling faster deployments and updates.

Setting Up Your Development Environment

Integrating Capacitor into an existing Vue.js project is straightforward and can be done in a few steps. This process essentially converts your Vue.js web application into a project capable of running as a native Android or iOS app.

Step-by-Step Integration:

1. Install Capacitor:
  First, ensure that your project environment is set up with Node.js and npm. Then, navigate to your project directory in the terminal and install Capacitor.

npm install @capacitor/core @capacitor/cli

2. Initialize Capacitor:
  After installing Capacitor, you need to initialize it within your Vue.js project. This step involves creating a configuration file and defining your app’s name and app ID.

npx cap init [name] [id] --web-dir=dist
  • `[name]` is the name of your app.
  • `[id]` is a domain-style identifier (e.g., ``).
  • `--web-dir` points to the build output directory of your Vue.js project (commonly `dist` for Vue.js projects).

3. Add Platforms:
  Once Capacitor is initialized, you can add platforms (Android and iOS) that you want to target.

npx cap add android
npx cap add ios

This command creates platform-specific directories within your project, complete with the necessary configuration files and native project code.

4. Configure Platforms:
  Though Capacitor tries to handle most configurations automatically, you may need to adjust settings specific to each platform, such as permissions or platform-specific features, by editing the native project files in `android` and `ios` directories.

Syncing Your Project:

Any time you make changes to your Vue.js project that you want to reflect in the native applications, you'll need to rebuild the web assets and sync them with your Capacitor project.

npm run build
npx cap sync

This command updates both platforms with any new changes made to the web part of your project.

Accessing Native Features with Capacitor

Capacitor turns the promise of hybrid development into reality by allowing you to access native device functionality directly from your Vue.js code. Here’s how you can enhance your app’s capabilities:

Using Core Plugins:

Capacitor comes with a number of core plugins that provide access to common device features like Camera, Geolocation, and Notifications.

// Example of using the Geolocation plugin in a Vue.js component
import { Geolocation } from '@capacitor/geolocation';

export default {
  methods: {
    async getCurrentLocation() {
      const coordinates = await Geolocation.getCurrentPosition();
      console.log('Current position:', coordinates);

Custom Native Code:

For more specific requirements, Capacitor allows you to write custom native code and call it from your Vue.js application, offering the flexibility that is sometimes necessary for more complex applications.

By integrating Capacitor, your Vue.js application not only retains its web capabilities but also embraces the full spectrum of native functionalities, delivering a truly hybrid experience.

Building and Running Your Native App

Once you've integrated Capacitor into your Vue.js project and utilized its features, the next step is to build your application for the native platforms you're targeting—Android and iOS. Here's how you can proceed:

Building for Android:

1. Prepare Your Android Environment:
  - Ensure you have Android Studio installed and configured.
  - Open the Android project located in the `android` directory of your project in Android Studio.
  - Check for any necessary updates or configuration changes, especially related to Gradle or SDK versions.

2. Run the Build:
  - From Android Studio, you can build your project by selecting `Build > Build Bundle(s) / APK(s) > Build APK(s)`.
  - Alternatively, you can run `npx cap open android` from your project directory to open your Android project in Android Studio and then build it.

Building for iOS:

1. Prepare Your iOS Environment:
  - Ensure you have Xcode installed on your macOS system.
  - Open the iOS project located in the `ios` directory using Xcode.

2. Run the Build:
  - In Xcode, select your target device from the top device toolbar.
  - Press the `Play` button in Xcode to build and run the application either on a simulator or a real device connected to your Mac.
  - Ensure your project's signing and team settings are correctly configured in Xcode.

Running Your App:

After building your application, you can install it on emulators or real devices to test functionality. This step is crucial for catching any issues that might not be evident in the web version of your app, such as native plugins not functioning as expected or UI elements not displaying correctly on different screen sizes.


The ability to transform a Vue.js web application into a native Android or iOS application using Capacitor JS is a significant advancement in the field of hybrid mobile app development. This approach leverages the best of web technologies for rapid development and combines them with the robust capabilities of native platforms. As developers, embracing such hybrid technologies not only streamlines our development processes but also opens up a broader range of possibilities for application deployment and functionality.

Are you ready to take your Vue.js projects to the next level with Capacitor? Dive into the world of hybrid app development, and see how easily you can extend your applications beyond the browser. Contact i2b Global today to discover how we can help you.

Additional Resources

To ensure you have all the tools and knowledge at your disposal, here are some valuable resources:

  Go Back

Google Rating

4.6      9 reviews

Photo of D R

  July 20, 2023

We have been using I2B Global for over 5 years and for multiple business ventures, and we could not be more pleased with the service we have received. Bob and his team have been incredibly accommodating, supportive, and always share their wealth of experience. I could not recommend I2B Global more, Thanks for all your work.

Photo of Ramon P. Schuler

Ramon P. Schuler
  February 19, 2022


Photo of Ace Luxury

Ace Luxury
  August 22, 2021

To Bob, Bojan, and the I2B Global Team: Thank you so much for the outstanding work you have done for us so far. Your way of responding to our needs is truly a breath of fresh air in this fast paced era we live in. We continue to add more services your firm has to offer given how effective your site design and SEO has been. We look forward to continued growth along with you for years to come. Keep up the excellent work.

Photo of Grant McGuinty

Grant McGuinty
  March 19, 2021

As a neophyte in the software business I cannot express enough how happy I am to deal with Bob Gill at i2b Global Inc. The company is with me every step of the way. Kind, professional and very responsive are the best words to describe them. I look forward to grow with them in the future with my FinalDocx by Executor Choice distribution business.

Photo of Al Mickeloff

Al Mickeloff
  February 12, 2017

We have been a client of I2b Global Inc. since 2007. While they are a smaller company, they have the knowledge, experience and responsiveness of a much larger firm and they are up-to-date with the latest online improvements and trends. Similar to other web development companies, they can build you a nice website but where they excel is at the customizations needed for your business and most importantly delivering these changes at a reasonable price with expert guidance and advice. Any support issues or change requests are dealt with very quickly and it is not uncommon to see this happen even in the evenings and weekends. If you need a professional website and a reliable company to support and host it we highly recommend I2b Global Inc. Al Mickeloff, Marketing Manager – Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum

View All Google Reviews

 Request a Quote