Thursday, January 4, 2024     Bojan Arsenovic     Web Dev Technologies

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In the dynamic realm of web applications, staying connected with users is key to enhancing engagement and providing real-time updates. Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) have emerged as a powerful platform to deliver a more app-like experience within a web context. A crucial feature of this immersive experience is the ability to use push notifications. This article delves into the integration of Push and Notifications APIs in PWAs, offering a detailed guide on how to set up, implement, and optimize push notifications to keep your users engaged and informed.

Section 1: Understanding Push and Notifications APIs

Push API and Notifications API are two critical components that work hand in hand to enable push notifications in PWAs. The Push API allows a service worker to handle push messages sent from a server, even when the app is not active in the foreground. This capability ensures users receive timely updates, enhancing user engagement.

On the other hand, the Notifications API is used to display notifications to the user. These can be customized and made interactive, providing a rich user experience.

How They Work Together:

  • The Push API reacts to the push messages sent from the server, waking up the corresponding service worker.
  • The Service Worker then employs the Notifications API to show notifications to the user, based on the push message received.

Understanding the synergy between these APIs is crucial for effectively implementing push notifications in PWAs.

Section 2: Setting Up Your Environment for Push Notifications

Before diving into the code, i's important to ensure your environment is ready for implementing push notifications:


  • HTTPS: PWAs require HTTPS to ensure a secure connection. This is also necessary for service workers and push notifications.
  • Service Workers: Fundamental to PWAs, service workers act as a proxy between your app and the outside world, enabling background tasks like push notifications.

Setting Up a Basic PWA:

  1. Create a Web App Manifest: This JSON file describes the basic information about your PWA (like name, icons, start URL).
  2. Implement a Service Worker: Create a basic service worker for handling offline capabilities and push notifications.
  3. Register Your Service Worker: In your main JavaScript file, register the service worker with navigator.serviceWorker.register().

Adding Push Notification Capabilities:

  1. Request Permission: Use the Notifications API to ask the user for permission to display notifications.
  2. Subscribe to Push Messages: After permission is granted, subscribe to push messages using pushManager.subscribe() within your service worker.

Section 3: Implementing the Service Worker for Push Notifications

The service worker is where the magic of push notifications happens:

Listening for Push Events:

self.addEventListener('push', function(event) {
  console.log('Push message received:', event);
  // Display a notification

Displaying Notifications:

const options = {
  body: 'Notification body',
  icon: 'icon.png',
  vibrate: [100, 50, 100]
  self.registration.showNotification('Notification Title', options)

Handling Click Events on Notifications:

self.addEventListener('notificationclick', function(event) {
  // Handle the notification click

Section 4: Registering and Subscribing to Push Notifications

In your Vue app, manage the service worker and user subscription:

Service Worker Registration:

if ('serviceWorker' in navigator) {
    .then(function() { console.log('Service Worker Registered'); });

User Subscription for Push Notifications:

function subscribeUser() {
  navigator.serviceWorker.ready.then(function(registration) {
      userVisibleOnly: true
    }).then(function(subscription) {
      console.log('User is subscribed:', subscription);

Section 5: Sending Notifications from the Server

Your server plays a crucial role in sending push notifications:

  1. Backend Setup:
    • Choose a backend technology like Node.js or .NET.
    • Store user subscription information securely.
  2. Sending a Push Message:
    • Send push messages to subscribed users using a push service.
    • Handle different response scenarios like success or failure.


Implementing push notifications in your PWA using the Push and Notifications APIs can significantly enhance user engagement. This guide provides a comprehensive overview of setting up and managing push notifications, ensuring your users stay connected and informed with timely updates.

Interested in enhancing your PWA with push notifications but need some expert guidance? Reach out to our team at i2b Global for professional assistance in creating engaging, user-centric PWAs that keep your audience connected.

Additional Resources

To further enhance your understanding and implementation of push notifications in PWAs, here are some valuable resources:

  1. Google Developers - Introduction to Push Notifications: A detailed guide by Google on implementing push notifications.
  2. MDN Web Docs - Using the Push API: Comprehensive documentation on the Push API from Mozilla.
  3. MDN Web Docs - Using the Notifications API: Detailed guide and reference on the Notifications API.

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